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• Landlord is to give tenant quiet enjoyment during the lease term.
• Means tenant is able to exercise the right of occupation and having the full benefit of it
• Landlord cannot enter leased property as and when he likes.
Access to Premises
• Landlord to give 1 or 2 days advanced written notice to enter to commence repair work.
• However notice is not required if it is urgent (such as water pipe burst or fire). Such repair must not interfere with the tenant.
• The landlord and his agent may also enter the premises to comply with statutory requirements (Eg, Check on tenant's WP, or illegal immigrants).
• As the owner of the house, the landlord pays all taxes, such as property taxes, building insurance & statutory charges (charges charged by authorities).
• For private properties such as condos, items such as the maintenance fee or conservancy charges should also be settled by the landlord.
As the lessees of the house, the tenant will have to pay the following:
• Stamping fees
• Utilities (water, gas and electricity supply)
• Internet or telephone charges
• Season parking (HDB)
• Miscellanious cost (extra access card for occupants, replacement of lost cards etc)
Minor repairs and servicing should be settled by the tenants (usually around $150).
Landlord is responsible for :
External & structural repairs-Repair works due to wear & tear (Eg, Wall cracks, water leakage, etc).
Tenant is responsible for:
• Replacing furniture, fixtures and fittings and other property within the demised premises, as may have become damaged or lost by direct substitution in equivalent value and quality.
• Its up to the landlord and tenant negotiation to maintain and service all the air-conditioning units (if any) within the demised premises as and when necessary during the term of tenancy at the tenant’s own costs.
Its the Landlord's duty to insure the property with Fire insurance.
Tenant is responsible for :
• Not to assign or sublet any part or all of the premises without landlord’s prior consent which shall not be
• No addition and alteration work are to be undertaken without the prior written approval of landlord and the relevant
•This clause allows tenant to terminate the lease such as need to leave SG by showing document of proof.
• Landlord sometimes will require tenant to stay for minimum period of time before tenant can exercise this clause.
• Meant for expatriates who are working in SGP. Not for Singaporean tenant/s.
Option to Renew Clause (OTR)
• Not compulsory.
• Only insert if agreed by parties.
• OTR is granted by landlord at the beginning of the fixed term lease but to be exercised by tenant at the end of the lease.
• No auto-renewal.
Not to assign or sublet any part or all of the premises without landlord’s prior consent which shall not be unreasonably withheld.
Implied law allows the landlord to repossess the property upon default rent and/or illegal use of premises. If Landlord wishes to repossess the property for other reasons, it must be specified clearly in the TA.
What is a Tenancy?
A tenancy has the legal effect of transferring an interest in land from the landlord to the tenant. It means that for a certain term at a determined rent, the tenant has exclusive possession of the premises. Typically, the duties of the landlord and tenant are found within the terms of the tenancy agreements. A breach of any of these terms potentially leads to the termination of the tenancy, resulting in several types of remedies available for both landlord and tenant.
It is important to know the terms within the tenancy agreement. Most tenancy agreements will contain terms that give tenant quiet enjoyment and exclusive possession. Hence, the landlord must allow his tenant to occupy the premises exclusively, without any intrusions and disturbances from outsiders. The landlord cannot grant a lease of his premises on terms that effectively or substantially negative the utility of the grant. For example, if a landlord leases a store space to a tenant within a shopping mall, he must not prevent the entry of customers into the building.
Similarly, a tenant will have responsibilities under the tenancy agreement too. For example, a tenant has to pay regular rent and may have to agree not to assign the lease to another person. He may also have to bear the costs of any repairs which may be necessary in the course of the tenancy. Should there be water leakages, faulty electrical appliances, or peeling paint, either the landlord or tenant may bear the burden of repair, depending on their negotiations. Hence, the tenancy agreement sets out the duties of the landlord and tenant at the start of the tenancy, and prevents such disputes from arising.